photo: Orin Langelle

For International Women’s Day, 8 March 2018:


Durban, South Africa – On 3 December 2011, thousands of people from around the world hit the streets of Durban, South Africa to protest the UN Climate Conference there.

Nicknamed by activists “The Durban Disaster,” at one point it appeared that the talks might actually collapse, but a small cabal of 20-30 countries held exclusive closed-door talks over the final days to create the Durban Platform.

This platform was described by carbon analyst Matteo Mazzoni as “an agreement between parties to arrange another agreement.”